Emergency Preparedness List For Normal People
- Time of issue:2020-04-10 17:00
Emergency Preparedness List For Normal People
Here we do not mean the wildness survival. Most of us are normal people, we do not like to be far away from our live environment, for we need to go to school, activities and medical system. Although you don’t do wildness survival, you need to prepare gears for emergency situation. You can’t predict what’s going to happen. Maybe car accident, heavy rainy day, or out of power etc. So don’t by shy from emergency preparedness.
Basically, you need to prepare three bags. One is for home emergency. The second one is a bug out bag. It is the bag you grab first when you need to leave your home. The third one is everyday carry and get home bag. It is used to prepare for emergencies that happen away from home.
Home emergency preparedness
We start with the home because it’s where you spend most of your time and is usually the best place to make it through an emergency. When there is a crisis, the governments always give the standard advice “stay in your home!”. You should get your home ready for at least two weeks without any outside help. Here’s everything you should have in your home emergency kit.
1.Food & Water
You should stock up at least a 14-day supply of food for every person. Focus on dry and canned goods that are ready to eat or only needs boiling water to make. Frozen foods are an option, too.
Store 15 gallons of potable water per person and have ways to treat dirty water via a portable water filter or other devices.
2. Hygienic products
Enough household hygienic products like soap, hand sanitizer, toilet paper, tissues, feminine care products, and diapers are necessary. Keep your hands clean is one of the best ways to protect yourself from harmful bacteria.
3. Medicine and a first-aid kit
Make sure you have a 14-day supply of any prescription medications for those in your home. You may also want over-the-counter pain relievers, antacids, cough and cold medicines, and vitamins. Also, you should maintain a first-aid kit with supplies to treat common injuries, including cuts, scrapes, swelling, sprains, strains and more.
4. Flashlight or emergency light and spare battery
Put a flashlight or an emergency light near your bed, workplace, and car. Make sure the flashlight or emergency light has enough electricity or can be charged in time. Don’t forget to prepare some spare batteries and a battery charger. Your bug out bag should have those items, but you can also get spare ones for home.
You can prepare axe, shovel, work gloves, wrench for your gas lines, zip ties, duct tape, etc. Many families have cordless power tools. Make sure the batteries are in fully charged. You can also prepare some transparent sealed bags of various sizes.
6. Disinfection equipment
Perhaps have some disinfection equipment, such as a UV disinfection lamp or Ozone generator to keep the family safe and clean.
XTAR new product AF1 Ozone Portable Sterilizer can purify the air, sterilize and kill viruses, and protect your family's health. The principle of ozone killing viruses is through the direct destruction of RNA or DNA. Ozone has a wide range of sterilization and sterilization, which can kill bacterial propagules and spores, viruses, fungi, etc., and can also destroy botulinum toxins.
7. Fire and heating
Prepare lighters, matches, and backup fire starters, also the indoor-safe heaters. A small portable stove and some smokeless fuel may also be needed.
In extreme cases, communication may be interrupted, so it is better to have a walkie-talkie or one-way / two-way ham radio at home.
When you receive an emergency notification, first make sure that your mobile phone does not owe money, so as to avoid the situation of not being able to contact.
Bug Out Bag List
The professional website theprepared.com prioritized the gears into three levels. The bags in different level have different weight.
The level1 is under 20 pounds, fits in bags over 25L, $400 to $1100. Good for keeping things cheap or light. The level 2 is under 35 pounds, fits in bags over 44L with sleeping gear outside, $800 to $2300. The level 3 is under 45 pounds, fits in bags over 49L with sleeping pad and tent, $1050 to $2750. This kit can used for the widest range of emergencies, including longer-term SHTF (Shit Hits The Fan).
In general, the gears are the similar with the home emergency kit.
● Water: think of how much you need to carry, how to carry, is it need to filter or purify. Water is really heavy.
● Food: prepare food according the weight you can carry. Ready to eat - no cooking, no boiling, or can be cooked for boiling water.
● Cooking & eating: a hobo stove or hiking stove. A small, light and durable salt and prepper shaker.
● Fire: lighters, matches, or a ferro rod striker.
● Shelter & sleeping: tarps, sleeping pads, sleeping bags/quilts/bivvy, and an eye mask with ear plugs. Or even a tent.
● Clothing: sports or outdoor pants, long-sleeve tops, quality socks, and shoes. A hat, gloves, and a belt.
● Light: , , or a lantern.
● Communication: cell phone, a one-way NOAA radio or a two-way ham radio, a signal mirror and whistle
●Power: standard or , , , a simple wall plug and USB charging cable.
● Navigation: maps, compasses, portable GPS, ranger beads or pedometers, binoculars
● Tools: a field knife and multitool, paracord, hand saws, blade sharpener, fishing kit, traping kit, and bump keys etc.
● Medical & hygiene: some first aid kit items, nail clippers, toilet paper, wet wipes, chapstick and a travel toothbrush/toothpaste, etc.
● Self defense: bladed tools, a pistol, holster, and full magazine if needed.
● Misc: Ziploc bags, ultralight packing sacks, stuff sacks, or dry bags, large contractor trash bags, fasteners, pack straps, duct tape, climbing carabiners, and ranger bands, etc.
● Documents: copy of deeds/titles, insurance policies, birth certificates, maps, pictures of family members, etc. in both physical and USB thumb drive forms
● Cash: as much as you can reasonably afford to stash
The bug out bag needs a long time to prepare, but it is really necessary. There are too many gears on the checklist, just modify the contents as needed.
Get Home Bags and Everyday Carry
What happens if an emergency strikes while you’ re away from home? You clearly can’t walk around with a heavy bag in daily life, so the key is to keep the right kinds of supplies where they naturally fit within your life pattern.
A Get Home Bag gets its name from the concept of “Shit just hit the fan, so I need to get home because that’s my primary spot!” Therefore, a GHB is similar to a bug out bag in many ways. Since most Americans drive everywhere, the GHB is usually stored on the cars. Just avoid the foods and medicines that may melt in high temperature and pay attention to the local weapon laws.
Everyday Carry checklist
Since EDC items are physically carried everywhere you go, you’re much more limited by space and weight. Over 95% of EDC items you see in the wild are made from all or part of this list:
● A laminated card of important info
● Phone (usually with downloaded maps and helpful apps)
● Portable power bank
● Pocket knife
● Weatherproof notepad and pen
● Self defense weapons, pepper spray, etc.
● Hidden cash and/or credit cards
You can pick what you want and carry them in the way you like. Some people keep the phone and lighter in their pocket, the flashlight on their keychain, the multitool and CCW pistol on their belt, the paracord in the form of a wrist bracelet, and the medical supplies, respirator, USB battery, notepad, pen, and ICE info in their bag/purse.
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