Emergency Preparedness List For Normal People
- Time of issue:2020-04-10 17:00
Emergency Preparedness List For Normal People
Here we do not mean the wildness survival. Most of us are normal people, we do not like to be far away from our live environment, for we need to go to school, activities and medical system. Although you don't do wildness survival, you need to prepare gears for emergency situation. You can't predict what's going to happen. Maybe car accident, heavy rainy day, or out of power etc. So don't be shy from emergency preparedness.
In fact, emergency kits should include first aid kits, disaster preparedness kits, etc., but it's better to prepare the emergency kits in one bag, separating them from the other two kinds of kits. The main consideration is the frequency of use. For ordinary people, the first aid kit must be the most frequently used, and it is also very urgent.
Emergency supplies are roughly divided into five categories: food, water, medical supplies, daily necessities and protective supplies.
Many websites, even some authoritative organizations, recommend over ten liters of water, compress biscuits, and prepare for emergency evacuation for three days and staying at home for two weeks. This is actually a heavy burden for the individual, which requires money and storage space. As you know, food has a shelf life, too much storage will cause waste. Ordinary people are recommended to store a small amount of the most urgent food. If you need to increase the reserves, you can hoard them as quickly as possible before the disaster strikes.
A few bars of military chocolate, some dried meat and canned food, to provide vitamin supplements, calories, protein and salt. You can also prepare some other foods according to your preference.
Purify water tablets and drinking water. Everyone understands that purified water is the most important thing, but reserve water is still needed.
3. Power Supply
Prepare a solar power panel. When something happens, information is the most valuable thing. Don't forget to buy a power bank for battery storage. It is great to prepare a battery charger and some rechargeable batteries, as well as disposable AA, AAA batteries. Many smart battery chargers can be connected to the solar panel for charging, such as XTAR VC2S charger.
It is mainly prepared from four aspects: communication, light, fire, and wire.
Prepare a headlamp or handheld flashlight that uses replaceable batteries and disposable AA batteries. These AA batteries are more common and can be obtained in major supermarket stores. Do not choose rechargeable flashlights, because electricity may not be available at that time.
You can also prepare a one-way NOAA radio or a two-way ham radio. It can be used to receive information when the phone is not available.
For the fire, many official recommendations are windproof and waterproof matches and long-bright candles. I bought a lighter for the fire and prepare a magnesium rod.
In terms of wire, it is good to buy a string or fishing line. A multi-functional survival whistle, multi-functional plier, and knife are basically there.
5. Protective Supplies
The most important thing here is to protect your hands. Anti-cut gloves are very practical.
The second is some hygiene products, such as sanitary napkins, paper towels or compressed towels, etc.
Thirdly, there are some dispensable things, such as rain gear, extra clothes, hats, shoes, plastic cloth, etc.
6. Other Suggestions
Think carefully about the most rigidly needed supplies that you can make if you break away from the supply of modern society. For example, glasses, for highly myopic people, a pair of spare glasses is particularly necessary, even higher priority than some emergency items.
Multivitamin tablets, rehydration salts, iodine tablets, and antibiotics should be prepared.
The above emergency items should be checked or replaced regularly every 3 to 6 months, and the expiry date of the items should be paid attention to.
First Aid Kits
1. Daily Use
Daily use refers to materials that are important but not urgent, such as preparing some commonly used medicines, like gastrointestinal medicine, cold medicine, anti-fever medicine, etc., as well as medicines that family members need to take for a long time.
2. Injury Use (mainly)
Generally speaking, the main things you can solve are bleeding and burns. Here I list some of the most critical, absolutely essential equipment.
* Disinfection equipment, iodophor, alcohol, etc.
* Burn cream
* Hemostatic equipment, such as tourniquets
* Bandaging equipment, bandages, etc.
* First aid manual. Ordinary people can't be familiar with all situations
* Splint. A fracture can be fixed in time in case of emergency
I would like to mention here that you must practice the above equipment after you buy them. For example, a tourniquet, if you don’t know how to use it correctly and effectively in an emergency, it will be a terrible thing.
In addition to these common wounds, there are some emergency wound treatment drugs, facial masks, disinfectants, medical protective gloves, etc.
Disaster Preparedness Kits
The above emergency kits should basically cover more than half, and the rest can also be prepared, such as tents, emergency blankets, clothing, etc.
Among the many natural disasters, fire is the most likely to be encountered by us. Actually, the spread of fire is definitely beyond your imagination. When a fire occurs in an enclosed space of a family, it takes only one to two minutes to escape. Therefore, the smoke alarm is the most important. According to statistics, it can reduce the mortality rate by 50%.
If you have seen many firefighting cases, you will find that equipment such as escape ropes, fire blankets, and smoke masks are really used in very few scenes. The reserve of this kind of equipment actually causes people to want to rush out. However, it is the opposite of the correct common sense of escape.
You can buy a fire extinguisher, with one gas mask at most. The gas mask needs to have a full head, and the fire extinguisher needs to be dry powder ABC, 2KG or more. It is best to practice it first, so as not to cause some issues at the time of crisis.
Secondly, you can also prepare some tools, such as window breaker/hammer, engineer shovel and so on.
Finally, take important documents, such as family member information, important financial information, family emergency contact form, insurance policy, family emergency card, etc.
The list is not fixed, it only reminds us of the functions needed for an emergency, and it is not necessary to strictly follow the items in the list. Emergency supplies need to be reasonably prepared according to every family's real situation.
In addition to home emergency preparedness, you should also put an emergency bag in your car. It is necessary to prepare fire extinguishers, barometers, flashlights, and first aid kits in it.
The three kinds of bags are configured and placed in place depending on the individual's living conditions. I usually put the first aid kits in the bedroom, the emergency kits on the balcony, and the disaster preparedness kits by the bed. Then don’t forget to do a drill yourself, sum up the experience of failure, and then adjust the position of the equipment.
Remember, it's not over after preparing those equipment. This is a point that all current guides have overlooked: without skilled use experience, you will only get more and more nervous in emergency situations, and you will eventually fall into a vicious circle. This is not something you can learn by watching a movie.
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